The University of Edinburgh • Edinburgh, United Kingdom
The University of Edinburgh was founded in 1582 by the Edinburgh Town Council, and it is the sixth oldest university in the English-speaking world and one of Scotland's ancient universities. Many of the buildings in the historic old town of Edinburg belong to the University of Edinburgh which gives the students and faculty a wide and authentic look at the history of the town.
The university played an important role in leading Edinburgh to its reputation as a chief intellectual centre during the Age of Enlightenment. It also contributed to give the city the nickname of Athens of the North. Many of the major figures of the modern history have been Alumni of this Institution, as for example physicist James Clerk Maxwell, naturalist Charles Darwin, philosopher David Hume, mathematician Thomas Bayes, surgeon Joseph Lister, signatories of the American Declaration of Independence James Wilson, John Witherspoon and Benjamin Rush, inventor Alexander Graham Bell, first president of Tanzania Julius Nyerere, and a host of famous authors such as Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, Robert Louis Stevenson, J.M. Barrie and Sir Walter Scott.
Many awards have been granted to Alumni from the University of Edinburgh, 21 Nobel Prize winners, 2 Turing Award winners, 1 Abel Prize winner, 1 Fields Medal winner, 2 Pulitzer Prize winners, 3 Prime Ministers of the United Kingdom, 2 currently-sitting UK Supreme Court Justices, and several Olympic gold medalists. It also continues to have links to the British Royal Family, having had the Duke of Edinburgh as its Chancellor from 1953 to 2010 and Princess Anne since 2011.
The University of Edinburgh receives around fifty thousand applications from students every year, which makes the institution the fourth most popular university in England, and it is also one of the most difficult university to be admitted in.
Edinburgh University's student sport consists of 67 clubs including rugby, football, rowing, and Judo.