Engineering and technology programmes are very similar to each other, although traditional engineering degrees often focus on the more theoretical elements and academia whereas the technology degrees often apply an element of vocational learning to apply the knowledge to real-life situations.
Whilst engineering and technology as a discipline doesn’t have as wide a scope as other disciplines such as arts & humanities, there are still numerous specialisms within the discipline to choose from.
The broader field of engineering is often the first degree completed as an undergraduate, with engineering technology programmes completed at a higher level of study which allows the student to specialise into a specific area of engineering or technology for their chosen career.
The nature of engineering requires students to be very analytical in their approach, along with having excellent mathematic skills and knowledge of physics in certain cases. This analytical approach to data and the world means they are very employable, often being able to apply these and other transferable skills to a workplace regardless of whether it’s in an engineering or technology field.
Engineering and technology programmes are widely employable and are not limited to any specific sector in the way some other disciplines may be. As an engineer, the ability to work across all sectors is possible although the most common jobs are with specialised engineering or construction companies.
Engineering courses usually follow a very traditional course structure of 3 years of full-time study, which is the case at the majority of universities that offer engineering courses at an undergraduate level. There are some examples of a vocational year being included in some 4-year courses to give the student experience in a real-world environment and compliment their studies but these are not as common.
There is much more variety in course style and structure with engineering technology courses which are often post-graduate or shorter than undergraduate courses. The engineering technology course structure will depend on the specialism being studied, there may be vocational learning opportunities or short one or two-year courses to choose from.